Understanding The History Of The Uyghur People.
The world today is estimated to consist of over one hundred thousand ethnic groups, and this is according to the latest data. The classification of these groups is based on the history, cultural heritage, and the homeland.
There are the majority ethnic groups that enjoy a huge number and popularity and there are the minority ethnic groups. According to the data released by the UN, there are still other minority ethnic groups that are unknown and undocumented.
Today, the Uyghur ethnic group is considered to be among the minority ethnic groups that exist. Their origin can be traced back to Turkey even though they currently live in Central and East Asia. Their residence is in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in China. China has recognized them as among the 55 minority ethnic groups.
Even though the majority of the Uyghur people are in China, they can also be found in other countries. Kazakhstan is the second country that has a huge number of these people standing at 200,000 by 2010. Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan follows closely with over 55,000 and 49,000 respectively. Though their origin is Turkey, their number here is only 45,000.
The other numbers that are found around the world is small. This group has been known by the name Turks due to their language.
By the 19th Century, this group was referred to be the most ancient ethnic group in the world. They are known to start in the early 2nd century. Their Uyghur name was lost in the 15th Century, but was later reintroduced. The name is applied to identified a collective group rather than a single group.
Even though they are among the minority ethnic groups, they have the longest history than any other group. They are also known as one of the groups that have stayed true to their beliefs as their ancestors.
They mainly carry out farming and baking as their primary practices in the region they occupy. There is a small group that is known for practicing pastoralism in this region as well.
Their primary languages are the Chinese language and Uyghur. They are strict followers of Sunni Islam Sect. They also have a close relationship with other ethnic groups such as the Tocharians, the Karluks, and the Turkic people.
After the fall of the Uyghur Kingdoms, the people of Uyghur dispersed around the world. They formed the Ganzhou kingdom that was in China. There is a belief that the Uygur of today come from this kingdom.
The people of Uyghur have had an opportunity that other groups have failed of practicing their belief without external influences from other people.